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Have you used Microsoft to surrender to Chrome for so many generations of IE?

via:CnBeta     time:2019/4/20 19:22:19     readed:379

As long as the Internet can not be separated from the browser, of course, everyone's preferences are different, like 360, like QQ, but they all have a common feature, that is, the Chromium kernel. In fact, on the historical stage of the Internet, there have been many kinds of browsers. Netscape, IE, Safari, Opera, Firefox, Chrome... In the most prosperous period, even many media are keen to reprint some "XXX Browser Competition", "Who's the fastest browser blossom"... One kind of article, people at that time seem to want to understand one thing - who is the fastest browser!

In that year, the evaluation of which browser "runs fast" is not only a favorite for consumers, but also a passion of many media.

Finally, when the "fastest browser" crown was officially changed from Opera to Chrome, the world suddenly became quiet! On the one hand, Internet Explorer (IE), which accounts for a large market share with Windows, on the other hand, Chrome and its derivative browser partners (such as 360 browser, QQ browser, Soho browser, Cheetah browser, etc.). If you happen to open a group of download websites at this time, you will find that it is almost impossible to see other brands of browsers with a full screen, and the market is polarized!

IE is a browser that comes with Windows. In addition to surfing the Internet, it is also used in many parts of Windows. But as an online tool, IE is not the best choice. Slow speed, single functionality, lack of support for extensions (Win10 Edge supports extensions, but few in number), poor stability, so that for most people, its role is probably only one - downloading other browsers.

IE or Edge?

The choice of the audienceMicrosoftSome embarrassment, and then inherited all the company's hopes in a new generation of browser Microsoft Edge came out, but... Over the past few years, Edge seems to be no better off than its predecessors, and even many users are trying to uninstall Edge, oh... It's too annoying! So what has IE gone through? It has to start from its source.

1. Internet Explorer 1 (1995)

On August 16, 1995, Microsoft released IE1, which is different from what it is now. At that time IE and Windows did not have much contact, just Windows 95 Plus! One option, of course, was related to the market environment at that time, when there were too few computers that could access the Internet.


2. Internet Explorer 2 (1995)

Only a few months after IE1 was released, IE2 came out. Unlike today, the browser market at that time was almost dominated by Netscape Navigator of Netscape. About 90% of the market share was concentrated in Netscape. Even many websites could only be developed compatible with Navigator, otherwise there would be abnormal display. For this reason, IE2 also incorporates many Navigator compatible features in its development process, such as importing bookmarks from Navigator, HTML, Javascript, Cookies, SSL, NMTP supporting Navigator, so that web pages can present the same effect as Navigator. This year, Microsoft made a great feat, that is, it launched the MAC version of IE adapted to MAC OS.

IE2 and Minimalist Style Web Design of the Year

3. Internet Explorer 3 (1996)

IE3 is Microsoft's first browser capable of challenging Netscape Navigator. To achieve this goal, Microsoft reversely designed Javascript to create a completely different version of JScript, which supports ActiveX, plug-ins, 128-bit encryption, CSS, and GIF animation. One of the features that IE3 has to mention is the ability to process streaming audio without the need for other third-party plug-ins. It is based on such confidence that IE3 has received 1 million downloads just a week after it went online, which also shocked Netscape at that time.

IE3 has made great progress in interface with the previous version.

2IE3~IE9: From Glory to Decline

4. Internet Explorer 4 (1997)

IE4 was Microsoft's first browser integrated into Windows, and it also supported all Windows upgrades at that time. IE4 has many epoch-making significance in Microsoft's history, such as the first browser integrated in Windows, the first Trident with its own typesetting engine, the first use of IE classic LOGO (silver ring around dark blue e) and so on. The performance of IE4 can not be underestimated. Compared with other brand browsers, IE4 has a faster start-up speed and a more comprehensive web display. It supports almost all web technologies at that time, and also gives users more options. But maybe it was a big blow. IE4 eventually triggered an anti-monopoly investigation in the United States. At that time, it could be said that it stirred up the whole world! ________


5. Internet Explorer 5 (1999)

IE5, two years later, incorporates more advanced technologies, such as XML/XSL, and for the first time supports saving HTML pages as MHTML. Due to the booming sales of Win98, IE5 soon became the browser product with the highest market share and usage rate in that year.


However, with more and more security companies discovering the hidden vulnerabilities of IE5, Microsoft began to pay more attention to the security issues of IE gradually, and for the first time, it upgraded IE security in the form of SP package (Service Pack). In the same year, IE5.5, which was bundled with Windows Me sales, pointed directly to security and printing. On the contrary, the changes in other functions were not obvious.

IE5.5 bundled in Windows Me

6. Internet Explorer 6 (2001)

IE6 can be said to be the hero of Microsoft. It was because of the competition with IE6 that Netscape was finally defeated. However, Microsoft did not dare to take it lightly, because Opera and Firefox are also developing rapidly. The most terrible thing is that although IE6's market share is close to 90%, it is also notorious for security vulnerabilities, so that PC World in 2006 will be IE6 is rated as the worst technology product in history.


Despite this, the technological advancement of IE6 is undeniable. IE6 supports enhanced DHTML, as well as partial support for CSS1, DOM1, and SMIL2.0, and MSXML is also upgraded to version 3.0. Others such as Windows Messenger, automatic picture size adjustment, error reporting, P3P, blocking web pop-ups, and the Luna interface with the same look and feel as Windows XP (which only appears when running on XP), etc., give new users unlimited imagination. . It was because of the new features of IE6 that the web pages at that time began to become diversified and enriched, and IE6 contributed to it.

7. Internet Explorer 7 (2005)

Although IE6 led the way in many technologies, the browser market at the time was actually fragmented. Netscape was acquired by the Mozilla Foundation to develop the Firefox browser. Apple used the Webkit kernel to develop its own Safari browser. Opera is also using the Webkit kernel to create the "world's fastest browser", including Maxthon, 360, QQ, A number of domestic shell browsers, such as Sogou, are also in the market, and various situations have forced Microsoft to make changes.

IE7 is new

On July 27, 2005, with the release of Windows Vista, IE7 Beta1 came out. Compared with the previous IE6, IE7 has added new features such as network anti-phishing filtering, tab browsing, Chinese domain name access, etc., and provides enhanced support for HTML4.01 and CSS2. However, the improvement of IE7 is still far behind other browsers. Its ACID2 and ACID3 rendering test results are terrible, and the HTML5 test is only a poor 27 points.

8. Internet Explorer 8 (2009)

After the fiasco of Vista, Microsoft has launched a new generation of operating system Windows 7, and the corresponding IE8 is finally aimed at end users. Compared with IE7, IE8 does not make too many changes on the interface, and more is reflected in the function and security. For example, the new SmartScreen filter (replaces IE7's phishing filter), the new InPrivate browsing support (privacy mode), the compatibility view introduction (ensuring that the old website pages are displayed correctly), and automatic crash recovery (the previous browsing can still be resumed after a web page error) Status) and so on.

Despite this, the HTML5 and CSS3 compatibility that has been widely criticized is still inferior to other rivals, and the IE7 era is a problem of lethality, which is infinitely magnified in IE8, so that many domestic browsers use "anti-fake death" as a means. Standard IE. All kinds of disadvantages make it difficult for IE8 to get the favor of users.


9. Internet Explorer 9 (2011)

On March 14, 2011, Microsoft released IE9. The new version of IE uses the new Javascript engine Chakra, which makes the page load faster. At the same time, the graphics card GPU is used to accelerate text and graphics rendering to improve the browsing speed of the webpage. The problem of high CPU usage in multi-tab browsing webpages has been significantly alleviated in IE9, while HTML5 support, CSS3 (such as SVG vector graphics, Canvas fillet, H.264 video decoding), Trident 5.0 engine, tracking protection, ActiveX filtering With the addition of a number of new features, IE9 finally tied the opponent in performance.


In addition, IE9's interface design is also very different from the previous version, the large area uses Aero special effects, making it look and feel with Win7. At the same time, IE9 also adds a lot of functions that match the operating system, such as Jumplist jump menu, Pin page to taskbar, Independent download manager and so on. However, perhaps happiness is too late. In a time when users are already familiar with other browsers, a browser that is only a performance "leveling" opponent is hard to win again. In the end, IE9, which combines appearance and performance, has a flat response in the market.

3IE10~Edge: desktop mobile two blossoms

10. Internet Explorer 10 (2012)

With the debut of Windows 8, IE has also ushered in a new era. IE10 is presented in two separate versions in Windows 8, namely the desktop version of IE10 and the Metro version of IE10. The desktop version is for mouse and keyboard users, and the Metro version is for touch screen users. Compared with IE9, Microsoft improved the Chakra engine, making IE10's webpage load faster, and HTML5 support is more comprehensive than IE9.

IE10 desktop version

In a sense, the desktop version of IE10 is the official successor of the IE series browser, and the Metro version has cancelled Flash (the first version does not support, the later version starts to enable Flash), Silverlight technology, and then supports HTML5, in Win8 In the case of a flat overall market response, it has not been successful!

IE10 Metro Edition (the first browser designed for touch screens in Microsoft history)

11. Internet Explorer 11 (2013)

IE11 was released on October 17, 2013 and is integrated into Windows 8.1. Like IE10, IE11 is also divided into two versions, the desktop version and the Metro version (later renamed Modern UI). Based on IE10, IE11 once again expanded its support for HTML5 and CSS3, and many new features added are very trendy (such as HTML5 drag and drop, HTML5 full screen, CSS border map, media encryption, video rate control, WebGL, etc.) . It can be said that from this edition, IE11 has no obvious "generation difference" and really entered the stage of "softer and stronger".

IE11 desktop version

The Modern version has changed even more. Compared to the previous generation of IE10, the IE11 Modern version has greatly improved both in terms of interface and manipulation. The tabs are up-to-down and the tabs are always displayed by setting. The favorites button that has long been available is too late, at least not to return to the desktop version as in the previous version. In addition, the tracking protection, download manager, and the Metro version is finally functionally the same as the desktop version, and this is the most criticized place in the IE10 era.

IE11 Modern Edition

12. Microsoft Edge (2015)

The fiasco of Windows 8 allowed Microsoft to re-examine its own products. How to make the mouse and keyboard users and touch-screen users get along with each other under the same UI has become a problem that Microsoft has been thinking about. With the launch of Windows 10 in 2015, a new browser product, Microsoft Edge, began to completely replace IE. Unlike previous generations of IE, Edge has added a lot of new ideas since its birth.

For the first time, the touch screen version and the mouse and keyboard version are combined into one, reading mode, plug-in support, label thumbnails, temporary shelving (ie, the currently opened web page is put on hold for later), add notes, interact with Cortana (such as a button Query, get answers, voice reading, etc.). This plugin support is the biggest point of view of Edge, it can be said that it is only an extended distance between Chrome and Chrome!

Microsoft Edge browser regular mode (screenshot 44.18875.1000.0)

Open in the same website tablet mode

The future (2019)

Although Edge has a lot of expectations from Microsoft, it has to be acknowledged that for a software product, Edge's time period is too long. From the first edition in 2015, there are only a few extensions available for Edge download and use throughout the market in 2017. The reason Microsoft emphasizes is that user feedback and extended security are Microsoft's most valued. But what I want to say is that compared to the tens of thousands of extensions in the Chrome application market, Edge can't give users the most basic experience, so why should users choose you?

New Edge Browser with Chromium Kernel (Preview)

On April 9, 2019, Microsoft officially opened a preview version of the new Edge (Chromium kernel) download. From the feedback of early experiencers, even if it is still in the beta period, the experience and overall stability of the new Edge is no less than the old version. Another promising change is the adoption of a generic kernel, which means that tens of thousands of extensions in the Chrome store can be seamlessly installed into the new Edge browser. At the same time, developers don't have to generate an Edge version separately as before. Retreat to the next, give everyone more choices, will this be a correct choice for Microsoft? Let us wait and see!


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