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With a total length of more than 100,000 kilometers, Google participated in the investment of 13 submarine cables.

via:博客园     time:2019/4/25 17:11:23     readed:313

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Photo: On April 23, 2019, Google-funded Curie Cable (Valrie) landed in Valparaiso, Chile.

NetEase Technology News, April 25 news, according to VentureBeat, US local time on Wednesday, Google announced that its first privately funded intercontinental submarine cable landed in Chile.

The technology giant first announced plans to build Currie and two new fiber optic cables in January 2018, while flaunting itself as the first large non-telecom company to build a private intercontinental fiber optic cable. Let's take a look at all of the underwater cables that Google invests in, including wholly-owned or joint venture projects with other companies.

Curie cable

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Photo: Google-funded Curie cable

Curie Cable starts from Los Angeles, California, and extends along the Pacific coast to Valparaiso, 120 kilometers northwest of Santiago, Chile. The journey takes 10,000 kilometers. Although the Curie cable represents the first intercontinental submarine cable that is completely owned and to be completed by Google, it is actually only one of the 13 submarine cables that Google has invested in over the past 10 years.

2. Unity fiber optic cable

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Figure: Unity fiber optic cable put into use in 2010

Unity fiber optic cable extends from Chikura, Japan to Redondo Beach, Los Angeles, California, with a total length of 9,620 kilometers and is owned by many well-known companies, including Google, Telstra, Singapore Telecom, KDDI, Airtel (Bharti). And Time.com. The Unity fiber optic cable was put into operation in 2010.

3. Southeast Asia Japan Optical Cable (SJC)

The Southeast Asian Japan Cable (SJC), which opened in 2013, spans 8,900 kilometers of oceans, with landing sites covering Japan's Chikura, Hong Kong, China, Chung Hom Kok, Philippines, Nasugbu, Shantou, Brunei Telisai and Singapore's Tuas. SJC is jointly owned by Google, Global Telecom, KDDI, Indonesia Telecom, Singapore Telecom, China Telecom, TOT, China Mobile, Chunghwa Telecom and the International Gateway. The extension of the cable is called SJC 2 and is currently under construction and is expected to be put into use in 2021. Google did not invest in SJC 2, but Facebook joined the investment.

4. Faster cable

Faster was put into use in 2016, with a total length of 11,629 kilometers, from Bandon, Oregon, USA to freshwater in Taiwan, and two other landing sites in Japan's Chikura and Shima. Faster fiber optic cable is jointly owned by Google, KDDI, Singapore Telecom, China Telecom, China Mobile and Time.com.

5. Monet cable

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Figure 5: Monet fiber optic cable put into use in 2017

Monet fiber optic cable was put into use in 2017, with a total length of 10,556 km from the United States to Brazil. There are three landing sites: Boca Raton, Florida, USA, and Fortaleza and Santos, Brazil. The Monet cable is jointly owned by Google, Angola Cable, Algeria Telecom and Uruguay Antai.

6. Junior Cable

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Figure 6: Junior Cable, put into operation in 2018

The Junior cable is from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil to Santos, with a total length of 390 kilometers. Technically, this is the first submarine cable owned by Google, but considering that it only connects to Brazil, it does not belong to “intercontinental cable”. This makes the completion of the Curie cable unique. The Junior cable was put into use in 2018.

7. Tannat cable

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Figure 7: Tannat fiber optic cable put into operation in 2018

Tannat fiber optic cable from Las Toninas in Argentina to Santos in Brazil, with a total length of 2,000 kilometers, and another landing site in Maldonado, Uruguay. Tannat fiber optic cable is jointly owned by Google and Uruguay Antai and has been in operation since 2018.

8. Pacific Cable Network (PLCN)

Facebook and Google are not always best friends, but the two companies share a common interest in building an Internet infrastructure. In 2016, they jointly invested in building a Pacific Optical Cable Network (PLCN) cable, and in Deepwater Bay, Hong Kong, China. Aurora has been established in Aurora, Philippines, with San Fernando, Taiwan, and El Segundo, California. The PLCN cable is jointly owned by Google, Facebook and Pacific Optical Data Communications, a subsidiary of China Soft Power Technology Holdings. The cable is expected to be completed in the third quarter of 2019. With a total length of 12,971 kilometers, the PLCN cable is the longest single cable infrastructure project invested by Google.

9. Indigo fiber optic cable

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Figure: Indigo-West cable was completed by the end of 2018

The Indigo Cable Project was announced in 2017 and consists of two components, including Indigo-Central and Indigo-West. Among them, the former from Perth, Australia to Sydney, with a total length of 4,850 kilometers; the latter has a total length of 4,600 kilometers, and the landing sites include Jakarta, Indonesia, Singapore, and Perth, Australia.

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Figure: Indigo-Central fiber optic cable completed at the end of 2018

Indigo-West is jointly owned by Google, Superloop, Telstra, Singapore Telecom, Indosat Ooredoo and the Australian Academic Research Network (AARNET). Indigo-Central is about the same as the owner of Indigo-West, except that it does not include Telstra. Both parts of the Indigo submarine cable network were completed by the end of 2018 and are expected to be operational later this year.

10. Havfrue/AEC-2 fiber optic cable

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Figure: Havfrue/AEC-2 submarine cable is expected to be completed and put into use by the end of 2019

The Havfrue/AEC-2 submarine cable extends from Wall Township, New Jersey, to Western Europe, with a total length of 7,200 kilometers. Landing sites include Lecanvey in Ireland, Blaabjerg in Denmark, and Kristiansand in Norway. The Havfrue/AEC-2 fiber optic cable is the second subsea project between Google and Facebook. Investors include Aqua Comms and Bulk Infrastructure. The cable is expected to be completed and put into use by the end of 2019.

11. Japan - Guam - South Australia Cable (JGA-S)

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Figure: JGA-S fiber optic cable is expected to be completed and put into use by the end of 2019

The Japan-Guam-South Australia Cable (JGA-S) project was announced in April 2018. It will travel from Pitti Island, Guam to Australia for a total length of 6,200 kilometers, with landings in Maroochydore and Sydney. point. Another 3,100-kilometer cable is called the Japan-Guam-Northern Australian Cable (JGA-N), which extends from Guam to Japan but is wholly owned by RTI. These two projects are expected to be completed by the end of 2019.

12. Hong Kong - Guam Cable (HK-G)

The Hong Kong-Guam cable is jointly owned by Google and RTI and will have landing points on Piti Island in Guam and Tseung Kwan O in Hong Kong, China. Construction began in 2018 with a total length of 3,900 kilometers across the Philippine waters and is expected to be fully operational and operational in 2020.

13. Dunant cable

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Figure: Dunant cable is expected to be completed by the end of 2020

Google announced its second wholly-owned international submarine cable project in 2018. The Dunant cable extends from Virginia Beach in the United States to Saint-Hilaire-de-Riez in France, with a total length of 6,400 kilometers. The Dunant cable project is expected to be completed and operational by the end of 2020.

Google's future ambition

Google's investment in submarine cable installations is increasing, which is in line with the broader trend of investment by large technology companies, which often invest in the infrastructure on which their services depend. In addition to all the data centers Amazon, Microsoft and Google have invested in their respective cloud computing services, we also see Google investing a lot of money in countless additional projects, such as broadband infrastructure in Africa and public Wi-Fi in Asia. hot spot.

Elsewhere, Facebook itself does not have a cloud service business, but it needs a ubiquitous Internet connection to ensure access to its billions of users. The social networking giant has also invested in many satellite Internet projects and is involved in the solar drone networking project, but the latter has been cancelled. Earlier this year, Facebook revealed that it is working with Viasat to deploy high-speed satellite Internet in rural Mexico.

Although satellites may play a key role in future Internet access, especially where the network is difficult to reach, physical fibre optic cables laid on the sea floor can provide greater traffic and lower latency. This is critical for Facebook as it continues to expand its efforts to broadcast live video and virtual reality. In addition to investing in submarine cables with Google, Facebook has also worked with Microsoft to lay 6,400 kilometres of transatlantic Internet cables, Amazon and Softbank to lay 14,000 kilometres of trans-Pacific cables to connect Asia and North America, and has invested in numerous other cable projects around the world.

Undoubtedly, Google's services (from cloud computing, streaming video, e-mail to countless enterprise products) also rely on reliable infrastructure, and submarine cable is crucial to these basic services. The completion of Curie Fiber Cable represents not only a milestone for Google, but also a new milestone for the entire Internet. At present, there are more than 400 submarine optical cables in use all over the world, with a total length of 1.1 million kilometers. Google currently invests directly in about 100,000 kilometers of submarine cable, equivalent to nearly 10% of all submarine cable lengths in the world.

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