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China Association for science and technology responded to nominations for Robin Li's academician: contribution to search engine

via:CnBeta     time:2019/5/6 14:54:56     readed:199

Someone sent a message on the Internet, saying that they must take a clear-cut stand against Robin Li being elected academician. The main reason for the objection is in the moral field. Baidu is believed to give priority to the display of many false medical advertisements.

Others believe that Robin Li was nominated mainly because of his achievements in the field of artificial intelligence (AI). He was once referred to by Harvard Business Review as "the initiator and designer of China's AI industry".

However, the existence of such disputes is in line with the intention of the Chinese Academy of Engineering to announce the list of additional candidates. Relevant personages of the Chinese Academy of Engineering told the First Financial and Economic Journalist that the purpose of publishing the list is to accept social supervision, which is not the final result, but ultimately needs further evaluation and review.

Why was Robin Li nominated as academician?

Robin Li's nomination of academicians is mainly from the nomination of China Association for science and technology. Why on earth was he nominated as an academician? China Science and Technology Association responsible person in the first financial reporter interview said that Robin Li was nominated, not artificial intelligence, but search engine.

The person in charge told the first financial disclosure that Robin Li was recommended by the China Electronics Society to the China Association for science and technology. The reason for recommendation is Robin Li's contribution to search engine. The Chinese Association of Science and Technology (CAST) then submits the relevant procedures to the Academician Election Department of the Chinese Academy of Engineering.

The first financial reporter in the Chinese Academy of Engineering April 30th released the "Chinese Academy of Engineering 2019 Academy of Sciences effective candidates list" also found that Robin Li was included in the "engineering management department" list, the professional direction is "emerging cross field engineering technology innovation management", rather than artificial intelligence.

Robin Li was also included in the "emerging cross realm engineering technology innovation management" professional direction list, including Alibaba chief technology officer Wang Jian, Tsinghua University Chen Jin, Ministry of public security Wang Jian and so on. But these three are nominated by academicians, not recommended by the Chinese Association of Science and Technology.

Wang Haifeng, also from Baidu, has been listed in the Department of Information and Electronic Engineering, and his major direction is "Artificial Intelligence".

Businessmen included in the "Artificial Intelligence" Professional Direction also includeMicrosoftShen Xiangyang of China Limited and Yang Qiang of Qianhai Weizhong Bank of Shenzhen.

The first financial and economic reporter noticed that the 2016 edition of the Standard for Speciality Division of the Academician's Additional Selection Department of the Chinese Academy of Engineering (Trial Implementation) did not have this specialty. In December 2018, the new edition of the Standard for Speciality Division of the Academician's Additional Selection Department of the Chinese Academy of Engineering (Trial Implementation) added this specialty for the first time.

According to the statement made by the Chinese Academy of Engineering last year, at the beginning of the nomination of academician candidates in January this year, the Chinese Association of Science and Technology clearly put forward two points in its notice: "In the selection of academician candidates for the Chinese Academy of Engineering, the relevant national academies should pay special attention to Engineering Science and technology experts who have made great achievements and contributions in technological innovation of enterprises, especially grass-roots and private enterprises."

An expert in the electronic industry told First Financial Journalist that the academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering has been adhering to the principle of "adjusting the selection horizon constantly according to the needs of the times, making great contributions to those scientists, but not awarding honors to the scientists known to the public", and it is inevitable to increase the "innovative management of Engineering Technology in emerging cross-cutting areas".

More and more strategic technologies in China, such as 5G, AI, cloud computing and auto-driving, have been in the forefront of the world from basic research and development to industrial engineering practice, and most of the processes are in enterprises. "In the future, academicians'inclination to enterprises is a kind of policy orientation, which shows that the state attaches great importance to the transformation of technology innovation application." The electronics industry experts said.

This orientation is bound to increase the number of entrepreneurs on the list year by year.

Where is the contribution of Robin Li search engine?

Academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, the highest academic title in Engineering Science and technology in China, was established in June 1994 as a lifelong honor.

According to the Measures for Implementing the Selection of Academicians of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, which was deliberated and adopted at the meeting of the Presidium on December 4, 2018, the first criteria and conditions for academicians include making significant and creative achievements and contributions in Engineering Science and technology, loving the motherland, having a decent style of study, having a decent conduct, having senior engineers, researchers, professors of Chinese nationality or having the same title. An expert.

"Making significant and creative achievements and contributions in Engineering Science and technology" mainly means that candidates have made significant inventions and achievements in the field of Engineering Science and technology, and have achieved remarkable application results; or in the application of major engineering design, development, construction, operation, management and engineering technology, they creatively solve key scientific and technological problems and make significant contributions. Contribute to or be the founder and pioneer of important engineering science and technology fields.

Making "significant contributions" in the field of engineering management mainly means that candidates specifically organize and participate in the practice of engineering projects in the fields of major engineering construction, major technological innovation, major equipment and new product manufacturing, major engineering and strategic research of emerging industries, creatively play the role of management science and achieve significant achievements recognized by their peers, or in the field of engineering management theory. Major achievements have been made and concrete achievements have been achieved through practice.

So what did Robin Li do in the professional direction of "new cross field engineering technology innovation management" in the engineering management department? What outstanding or creative contributions did he make?

Search engine indeed further promoted the application of Internet information, although the search engine technology pioneered and contributed to it, the industry talked about it, but from a patent point of view, Robin Li really preceded Google.

Robin Li has been widely recognized in the field of search engine because he has created ultra precision search (ESP) technology and image search engine technology, which is of great value in the field of application. Especially his "hyperlink analysis" technology patent is one of the important basic inventions in the field of modern search engine.

First financial query information, Robin Li's hyperlink analysis technology patent, submitted in February 5, 1997, the approval time is July 6, 1999. Google's United States Patent: 5920859; PageRank patent, filed on January 9, 1998, and approved on September 4, 2001.

However, there are also people in the industry who hold different views. The above electronic industry experts said to the first financial corporation: "Robin Li's early papers are actually analogical simulations, all of which come from a lot of metrology, and their value is not great. What is of great value is that Google's application of algorithms, especially English search engines, is tens of times larger than that of Chinese. Moreover, the search engine is a great project. This is beyond doubt, but it can be returned to Robin Li alone. The industry maintains its own opinion. After all, this project is groped by thousands of programmers from Baidu.

The process of becoming an effective candidate for academicians is very strict.

According to the Rules for the Implementation of Academician Election of the Chinese Academy of Sciences revised by the Presidium Meeting of the Ministry of Science on September 6, 2018, candidates for Academicians of the Chinese Academy of Engineering can be nominated through two ways: 1. Academicians of the Chinese Academy of Engineering directly nominate candidates; 2. The Chinese Academy of Engineering entrusts relevant academic organizations to recommend and select candidates according to the prescribed procedures.

In the nominations of academicians, Robin Li was nominated by academic bodies and recommended by the China Electronics Society to the China Association for science and technology.

The above-mentioned person in charge of the Chinese Association of Science and Technology told reporters that its procedure is generally that the Chinese Academy of Engineering entrusts the Chinese Association of Science and Technology to be responsible for organizing the nomination of academic organizations. The relevant national societies affiliated to the Chinese Association of Science and Technology are responsible for recommending candidates in their respective disciplines (specialties). The scientific associations of provinces, autonomous regions, municipalities directly under the Central Government and Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps are responsible for recommending candidates in their respective administrative areas. The Chinese Association of Science and Technology organizes nominations for candidates recommended in the above two ways.

Then, according to the number of additional academicians each time, the Chinese Academy of Engineering stipulates the number of candidates submitted by the Chinese Association of Science and Technology, and makes it clear in the announcement of the election in that year.

It is worth mentioning that the Chinese Society of Electronics is a national, academic and non-profit social organization formed voluntarily by scientists and technicians in the field of electronic information and relevant enterprises and institutions and registered according to law. Wang Haifeng, senior vice president of Baidu, is one of the vice-chairmen of China Electronics Society. He has been nominated as an academician candidate of artificial intelligence.

Disputes between Science and Morality

How should science and morality focus on when measuring an academician? This is an indispensable topic.

Among the criteria and conditions for the selection of academicians, love for the motherland, decent style of study and good conduct are placed in an important position. "Academician's decent style of study" mainly refers to the professional ethics, scientific attitude and dedication that academicians should possess, while "moral integrity" mainly refers to the academicians should possess excellent scientific ethics and style of study, good behavioral morality and correct life style.

In fact, Baidu is not only questioned the bottom line of its business ethics because of the "Wei Zexi Incident", but also brings a vicious competition, especially in the medical industry, which directly threatens the safety bottom line of life.

This time, a doctor who opposed Robin Li's election as a member of the Academy wrote, "as a doctor, he often has access to patients who have been delayed by Baidu advertisements and even can not be cured at last."

A scientist told the First Financial Journalist that the spirit of scientists includes many spiritual cores, such as patriotism, innovation, realism, dedication, collaboration and education. It is certainly a model and backbone that can be achieved, but in many cases, scientists who have made great contributions are not necessarily morally perfect. Like Newton, like Einstein. Therefore, it is necessary to evaluate whether a scientist has made a positive contribution to human civilization and social progress in a three-dimensional, comprehensive, objective and calm manner.

This person also believes that the flaws in the operation of the company can not be linked to personal morality.

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