The following picture shows the resident's point message received by the reporter after receiving the garbage. Reporter Zhao Qian
On the left, residents of a residential area in Guangzhou put the accumulated recyclables into boxes before the smart garbage collection equipment “Yiji Island”.
Reporter Zhou Ying
The use of "Internet +" to promote the governance system for waste sorting and recycling is currently rapidly expanding in major cities in China. The biggest advantage of the Internet is that it can effectively solve the problem of information asymmetry and realize the unification of online information flow and offline logistics. More importantly, the Internet has also changed the ecology of the entire waste recycling industry. In the future, waste recycling is no longer a simple transaction, but an upgrade to a social service.
Yinchuan: Garbage"where to"Information traceable
□ Reporter Zhao Qian Ma Lijuan Yinchuan Report
In recent years, as the Internet has begun to enter the resource waste recycling industry, more resource waste scattered in the hands of residents has been recycled more efficiently and intelligently. As the first demonstration city of urban domestic waste classification in China, Yinchuan City of Ningxia began to explore the new “Internet + Garbage Collection” model such as on-site recycling and garbage exchange points in 2016, which facilitates and encourages residents to participate in resource garbage collection. It also promoted the transformation and upgrading of the traditional waste recycling market and the implementation of waste sorting.
Selling waste is as convenient as a car
Pull outMobile phoneOpen the WeChat applet and place an order with one button. Within half an hour, the recycling master will come to collect the used items. "In the Internet era, it is as convenient to sell waste products as a network car!" Zhao Qingtao, who works at the Party School of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, exclaimed.
For office workers like Zhao Qingtao, it is a headache to deal with the old newspapers, waste paper boxes, and expired magazines that are accumulated in the office. “You can get a big bag in a week and 10 kilograms when you are heavy. You used to move downstairs and throw it to a garbage station a few hundred meters away,” he said.
Since 2016, Yinchuan City has promoted a small garbage collection program called “Make the best use” in the city. Dealing with waste products saves Zhao Qingtao more time and effort. He only needs to enter the address and appointment time in the mobile phone, there is a recycling staff on-site service, after the waste is weighed, the mobile phone sweeps, the income directly into his WeChat coin purse.
"The biggest advantage of the Internet is that it can effectively solve the problem of information asymmetry, realize the unification of online information flow and offline logistics, and improve the recycling efficiency." Huang Yi, manager of information technology company responsible for small program operation in Hangzhou Say.
Of course, the “one-click order” model is not suitable for all groups, for example, the acceptance of the elderly is generally poor. In this regard, Yinchuan City also promoted the “fixed-point redemption points” model in the community, creating a two-dimensional code-specific account for residents, and residents can obtain corresponding points by placing resource garbage at designated collection points, and used to exchange items in the community supermarket. .
The reporter saw in the future city community of Yinchuan City that there were seven or eight resource garbage collection bins in the supermarket, and the goods on the shelves clearly marked the corresponding price. Resident Han Xueyi cast 2.65 kg of waste cardboard, and the mobile phone immediately received a SMS notification of 212 points. He used the 攒 points to redeem the roll paper back. “The supermarket is very close to home, and it is convenient and affordable to throw things away,” he said.
The point exchange mode driven by Internet technology has effectively promoted the recycling and reduction process of garbage collection. Wu Lifang, the person in charge of the future city residential property office, told the reporter that the point redemption can make residents feel the value of resource waste and encourage them to categorize and recycle. More than 1,600 households in the community have registered two-dimensional code accounts. “The resource trash can is full in two days, and the responsible company will send someone to collect it. There will be fewer cleaning staff who will dump the trash can. The community environment is much cleaner,” she said.
The market is more efficient, more standardized and more transparent
At present, the utilization rate of domestic garbage resources in Yinchuan has reached 25%. The Internet is making the resource garbage recycling market in Yinchuan more efficient, standardized and transparent.
First of all, the garbage is collected close to the order, not only the "speed" but also the "quantity". It is understood that the company has used more than 200 local waste recycling personnel in Yinchuan to divide the street area according to its scope of activities, and assign it to the door-to-door collection in the designated area. If there is a “one-click order” system, Order the order to the recycler closest to the user.
“Now I don’t have to wander around myself. The platform has increased my business volume, and I can recycle more than 100 kilograms of waste every month.” said the salesman who has been engaged in recycling for more than three years in Yinchuan.
Secondly, the information on the last "what went" of the garbage can be traced back. The reporter saw in the background of the “use the best” system that the information on the category, quantity, location distribution, flow direction and resource utilization of waste recycling is clear at a glance, which is convenient for supervision and assessment of urban domestic waste reduction rate and resource utilization rate. Provides informative data.
More importantly, the relevant personnel have the qualifications to make the industry more standardized. Ma Jianhua, a staff member of the Municipal Wastewater Classification Office of the Yinchuan Municipal Administration, told reporters that in the past, the waste recycling market in Yinchuan was in a state of disorderly development, the price was opaque, the recycling station was messy, and the scavengers were unsafe, which brought a lot of urban management. trouble. Now the platform has passed the qualification review and star rating of the recycling personnel, unified distribution of work clothing and recycling vehicles, unified waste transaction pricing, integration of recycling stations, etc., to promote the standardization, organization and scale development of the entire waste recycling market.
“The far-reaching significance is that the Internet has changed the ecology of the entire waste recycling industry. In the future, recycling waste is no longer a simple transaction, but an upgrade to a social service. The role of recycling personnel will also change from the 'broken king' in the streets and lanes. Serving the community." Huang Yi said.
Resource garbage collection can't be "single fight"
Of course, for the new model of "Internet + garbage collection", in the promotion process, it also faces the problems of insufficient enthusiasm of residents, difficulty in management, and high operating costs of enterprises.
The reporter learned in the interview that due to the low value of resource waste itself, whether it is selling money or redeeming points, it is a weak incentive. Moreover, some old communities do not have the conditions to set up points to redeem supermarkets. Residents can only participate in the regular exchange activities held in the community. The types of goods that can be exchanged are not rich enough, which affects the sustainability of residents' participation in points.
Ma Jianhua believes that on the one hand, the cultivation of residents' habits requires a process, and it is necessary to continue to strengthen publicity and popularization. On the other hand, Yinchuan Municipal Administration will also explore the opening of online points redemption malls, renovate the general supermarkets in the district to increase points redemption points, etc., to further facilitate the residents.
"Multiple management" also affects "Internet + garbage collection" to some extent. Since the resource garbage recycling industry involves many departments of environmental protection, commerce, and industrial credit, and the management standards issued by various departments are different, enterprises will encounter some difficulties in promoting the recycling of new models. For example, the recycling vehicles will be blocked when they enter some communities, and the garbage collection bins that are placed will be destroyed. Some of the resource buildings that have been contracted will sell the garbage.
In addition, the recycling industry is still facing tax problems. "Resource garbage collection is a low-profit industry, and most of the garbage is purchased from individuals, lacking VAT invoices, and thus can not offset the input tax, resulting in an increase in corporate tax burden." Huang Yi said.
The insiders suggest that resource waste recycling cannot rely on enterprises or a certain department to “single-handedly fight”. It is up to the government to promote from the top and coordinate the interests of all parties. At the same time, it is necessary to further improve the construction of the recycling system, optimize the taxation policy, further reduce the logistics and labor costs of resource waste recycling, and guide the active participation of social capital.
Guangzhou: There is a new way to play garbage classification
The industry chain has promoted community waste reduction and resource utilization to a certain extent. Xu Hao said that 92 recycling completed the completion of four “two-network connection” board houses in Sushe Street in Haizhu District and one “two-network connection” board room in Baiyun District. Since the end of 2017, it has recovered all kinds of recyclable materials. 549 tons. According to Zhan Wenzhe, Guangchuan Environmental Protection was the first to implement “Internet +” garbage sorting at Guangdong Light Industry Vocational and Technical College. According to estimates, the monthly average household waste reduction is about 97 tons.
The whole industry chain operation mode needs to be formed
During the field visit, the reporter also found that the “Internet +” waste sorting and recycling model, which is still in the exploratory stage, also faces practical challenges.
First, raising the awareness of household waste classification remains a long-term task. Although the exploration of the new "Internet +" model has raised the awareness of some residents' waste classification, the enthusiasm of residents' long-term participation still needs to be further explored.
Some residents said that the current paper recycling price is about five or six cents a kilogram, and the ordinary plastic bottle is a few cents. In order to sell waste products, it is necessary to open up space to store waste products at home, and the economic power is really weak. In contrast, sanitation workers regularly go to the corridors and communities to clean up the garbage. It is better to give the waste directly to them.
Second, the long-term operation mechanism of some enterprises is still in the process of exploration. After the chairman of a "Internet +" garbage classification star company was suspected of illegal fund-raising, the renewable resource recovery machine operated in some cities was suspended, and residents were questioned as recycling garbage.
In addition, the current level of operation of various intelligent recycling platforms is also uneven. At present, Guangzhou intelligent recycling equipment is mostly implemented in the model community, and how to find a market-oriented and sustainable operation mode and path outside the model community. Still to be explored.
From the past, the root cause of the unsatisfactory classification of urban waste lies in fragmentation, classification, regardless of whereabouts, recycling can not be processed, and the back end is “scattering pollution”. The implementation of smart garbage recycling equipment and the use of the "Internet +" method will help solve the problem of front-end classification to a certain extent. But even if it only solves the problem of front-end classification, it still needs comprehensive strategy to build a one-stop, three-dimensional, full-site garbage classification integrated service model.
Xu Hao and other industry insiders believe that for enterprises, garbage classification still has a great market prospect. Especially in the "Internet +" era, garbage sorting can also have many "new ways to play." For example, the existing intelligent recycling equipment manufacturers have relatively weak operational capabilities, but they can increase user stickiness and increase the frequency of use by combining with new retail. In addition, it can also be extended in the application scenario. The construction is applicable not only to the community, but also to the application modes of institutions, office buildings, and the like.
“The government has integrated the waste sorting work into the urban environmental comprehensive service system, and formed a whole industry chain project package for classified, classified, transported, and classified processing, and finally solved the problem of garbage sorting through marketization and operation of the entire industrial chain. We hope for the future direction." Xu Hao said.
□Reporter Zhou Ying Guangzhou Report
In recent years, the Guangzhou Municipal Government is vigorously promoting the “two networks integration” of the sanitation transport system and the resource recovery system. "Internet +" garbage collection mode such as Yuji Island is on the rise. A number of "Internet +" garbage collection companies and equipment such as 92 recycling, Xiaohuanggou, and Guangchuan environmental protection intelligent collection have also entered the daily life of residents. At the same time, it is still to be explored to raise the awareness of household waste classification, promote marketization and sustainable operation of enterprises.
A smart recycling machine collects more than 3 tons of available garbage every month.
In the Orchid Community of Huacheng Street, Huadu District, Guangzhou, Lin Yanxia, a 50-year-old community resident, has a sundries storage point, which is dedicated to courier boxes, mineral water bottles, foam and other sundries. When the debris piled up to a certain amount, Lin Yanxia took them to the Jiji Island garbage sorting intelligent recycling site downstairs.
The intelligent recycling site is equipped with dozens of recyclable boxes such as clothing, foam, plastic bags, iron products, paper sheets and glass. The site is open from 7:30 to 10:30 am every Tuesday to Saturday and is staffed by a dedicated staff to assist the residents in the classification.
On this day, Lin Yanxia took the snakeskin bag filled with recyclable items to the smart recycling point, scanned the QR code, and then threw the accumulated paper, glass bottles and foam into the recycling bin for automatic weighing. At this time, the App account automatically completes the point count. With the points, Lin Yanxia can exchange toothpaste, laundry detergent and other daily necessities in the online store, and can also convert points directly into cash.
“The delivery process is convenient and fast. Now even the children at home have developed the habit of recycling waste products.” Lin Yanxia said.
According to the on-site staff of the Jiji Island Smart Waste Separation and Recycling Site, there are more than 500 households in this community. At present, more than 300 households have registered smart recycling applications, and residents are highly motivated to participate. And a smart recycling machine can recycle more than 3 tons of available garbage in one month.
Environmental sanitation and resource recovery systems continue to merge
Garbage classification is the source of waste reduction and resource utilization. The reporter interviewed Luchuang (92 Recycling) and Guangchuan Environmental Protection and other enterprises and found that they have a similar development path: using the garbage classification model community established by the government as the entry point, the intelligent recycling equipment or recycling system will be quickly laid to the model community. Use the "Internet +" approach to guide residents to classify and recycle valuable recyclables, thereby promoting community waste reduction and resource utilization.
The garbage intelligent recycling site that residents see in the community is just a device at the front end of the garbage classification system. Different enterprises focus on garbage sorting and recycling, and have different service modes and paths. According to Zhan Wenzhe, deputy general manager of Guangzhou Ship Environmental Protection Technology Co., Ltd., enterprises will also cut into the promotion and supervision of garbage classification. For example, participate in the construction of community propaganda scenes, publish advertisements for domestic garbage in the propaganda box of elevators, community broadcasts, etc., publicize and supervise households, and carry out garbage classification and publicity activities.
According to Xu Hao, general manager of Guangzhou Luchuang Information Technology Co., Ltd., a subsidiary of Guangzhou Supply and Marketing Co., Ltd., a major feature of 92 recycling is that in addition to the use of “Internet +” garbage sorting, collecting recyclables from residents, the supply and marketing cooperatives also set up streets. Recycling board houses, renewable resources collected by street sanitation workers can also be handed over to the supply and marketing cooperatives recycling network to achieve "resources should be used up."
Although the service model is different, it is extended by garbage sorting and recycling.
Hunan: Enterprises join hands with colleges to promote garbage intelligent classification
□ reporter 阮 around Changsha report
Changsha City, Hunan Province actively uses Internet technology to promote intelligent classification of recyclable waste. In addition to the strong participation of enterprises, scientific research institutions are actively investing in research and development, and under the support of technologies such as photoelectric sensing, graphic recognition and weight sensing, expand the "Internet + garbage recycling" commercial operation space and create positive conditions for intelligent waste classification.
Intelligent waste classification changes residents' living habits
On the balcony of the 83-year-old party member Zhu Huaiming’s house, in addition to the clothes being hanged and dried, last year, some of his household’s dry garbage was also hanged in different categories. Every ten days and a half, he and his wife will bring these sorts of garbage together downstairs, "feed the little yellow dog" and earn the corresponding environmental protection gold.
Lao Zhu lived in Xiangqiao Jiayuan, Yuelu District, Changsha City, Hunan Province. The two “Little Yellow Dogs” intelligent garbage sorting and recycling machines in the community have “residents” every day. The reporter saw that the "Little Yellow Dog" consists of six large recycling bins and a touch electronic screen, including metal recycling, waste plastic recycling, textile recycling, cans and plastic bottle recycling, paper recycling, glass and hazardous waste recycling. According to the category prompt, the waste that can be used is put into different boxes, and the recycling equipment will intelligently identify and weigh the garbage, and calculate the cash back amount according to the price of different garbage types.
After the reporter enters the mobile phone number, select “Paper Recycling” on the screen, and the corresponding door will open automatically. After throwing a stack of used newspapers into the recycling equipment, the screen showed that the reporter had received an environmental protection fund of 0.54 yuan.
At noon, several garbage pick-up personnel in work clothes arrived, and they skillfully packed the waste in the recycling bin and replaced the new storage bag. They said that residents can also use the mobile app to check the location and status of nearby recycling machines and choose to place them.
According to the person in charge of Changsha Branch of Xiaohuanggou Environmental Protection Technology Co., Ltd., Changsha has put in 467 sets of “small yellow dog” intelligent garbage sorting and recycling machine, covering 52 communities, as well as government agencies and schools, and collecting about 10 per day on average. Tons of garbage, and one machine can reduce the amount of garbage in the community by 5% to 10% a month.
According to reports, after the secondary recycling of the recycled garbage, the recycling of resources will be "new". Paper waste is sent to the paper mill, and the textile is processed into bags, carpets,mopWait.
“Garbage classification is the 'inside matter' of each household. Every household is working together and the community is clean and tidy.” Lao Zhu said that “Little Yellow Dog” encourages residents to actively deliver recyclable garbage, which has changed the past garbage mix and smell. The situation has brought the environmental sanitation of the community to a higher level.
R&D unit injects scientific and technological power into waste sorting
In addition to enterprises, the team of teachers and students of Hunan University is actively participating in the research and development of the use of Internet technology to intelligently classify recyclable waste.
"Internet +" smart plastic bottle recycling machine project leader, Hunan University Machinery and Transportation Engineering School teacher Chen Jinglian showed the team's scientific research results: a plastic bottle into the recycling machine, through the photoelectric sensor in the bottle identification device After the "test" of graphic recognition, weight sensing, etc., the plastic bottle is compressed and broken, and the bottle "master" can also receive the corresponding cash or points on the mobile terminal equipment.
“The team's integration based on bar code, weighing, graphics and material recognition technology not only makes the identification accurate and fast, but also eliminates the “fraud behavior” that few users have in order to get cash back from the source.” Chen Jinglian said that the research and development part of the project Already completed, the project has also obtained 4 national patents granted, and is now planning to promote industrialization.
He said that in China's plastic packaging bottle market, the total output of various beverages has exceeded 60 million tons, and at least 50 billion PET plastic bottles are needed each year. The annual consumption of plastic bottles in Changsha is at least 250 million. “China is in the initial stage of investment in the recycling machine market, and the national beverage bottle recycling machine has a large market share.”
"The Internet-based business operation space is larger, the function expansion of the machine is also easier, and the public acceptance of product promotion is also higher." Chen Jinglian said.
It is reported that in 2018, Yuelu District of Changsha City has basically completed the pilot work of garbage classification in 82 communities (villages). The total amount of domestic garbage in the whole district is controlled at 401,200 tons, which is 27% less than that in the same period of 2017.
Smart garbage classification prospects
Although the classification of waste has been popularized in some areas, the reporter found in the survey that the current awareness of garbage classification is not deep enough, and the innovation of enterprises is not enough. The promotion of garbage classification is relatively weak. It also requires residents, producers and relevant government departments to invest their efforts. Create positive conditions for smart waste sorting and protect the ecological environment on which we depend.
First of all, residents' awareness of garbage classification still needs to be improved. In the survey, the reporter found that in the community where smart waste sorting and recycling equipment is placed, some people still lack the awareness of garbage classification, and mix the dry and wet garbage into the community garbage station, causing the dirty water to flow and stink. What's more, the building materials such as bricks and stones are thrown into the intelligent garbage sorting and recycling equipment to “cheat” the environmental protection gold. The person in charge of the "Little Yellow Dog" company said that after the malicious delivery behavior appeared, the company would find the registered mobile phone number in the background, and send a text message to remind or block the account, but let the residents realize that the harm caused by the garbage classification is the environment. purpose.
Second, companies need to inject fresh blood to enhance their sense of innovation. Chen Jinglian and his research and development team found that the current level of innovation in the waste smart recycling industry is far from enough. “For example, the companies we are currently in contact with have the desire to do, but the research and development strength is insufficient, the investment is not enough, and they are generally based on the business-driven model. If you simply copy and copy other people’s things, it is difficult to achieve sustainability. Development." He said that compared with enterprises, professional colleges have relevant research and development capabilities, but lack market development capabilities and sufficient funds, the two can complement each other. He suggested that schools should provide relevant platforms for companies and schools to exchange information and promote cooperation.
In addition, efforts should be made to promote waste sorting. Experts such as Chen Jinglian said that because the traditional garbage classification model has relatively strong and closed groups, they are reluctant to accept fresh blood. Over time, the promotion of garbage classification is not in place. “Garbage classification mainly relies on the people to form conscious behaviors and habits.” Experts suggest that you can start from the garbage collection with high added value, widely arrange intelligent garbage collection machines, and use the means of the Internet to let everyone consciously use and get rebates. It is equivalent to harvesting fun while doing garbage sorting. After that, high-value-added garbage collection can be expanded to ordinary garbage collection. In the long run, ordinary people will form the awareness and habit of garbage classification.