The name of Apple's Erik de Jong is listed in the patent, which makes the invention a serious project because Erik has always been considered the product design director of Apple Watch. According to his personal data, he is "leading a team of design engineers to build the next generation of Apple Watch". He later added that his team was working to "develop future product concepts and functions".
Apple's invention generally involves Apple Watch detecting user actions and gesture input, providing commands to the device or other devices. In particular, Apple Watch can use one or more sensors to determine user movement and gesture input based on the movement of the user's hands, arms, wrists and fingers.
For example, one or more optical sensors, inertial sensors, mechanical contact sensors and electromyographic sensors can detect the user's body movement. According to the detected action, the user's gesture can be determined. The device can interpret gestures as input commands and perform operations according to input commands.
By detecting the action of the user's body and associating the action with the input command, the device can receive the user's input command in other ways than voice and touch input.
Apple's patent, Figure 9A, shows typical gestures and corresponding commands; Figure 9D-9E demonstrates the movement of the hand and wrist; and Figure 9F-9H demonstrates finger movements associated with sign language.
With regard to patent figure 9H, Apple points out, "in some cases, detecting gesture language can include testing the fingers and wrists of the user's hands. For example, users can mark the word "Go" by extending their index fingers with both hands (# 903 and # 905), bending the rest of their fingers (# 902 and # 907), and rotating their wrists (# 920 and # 921).
Apple never explained (# 901) the second device on display. It is hard to believe that Apple expects users to use two Apple watches. It's an Apple watch.partsAre you? There is no answer to this question.
A pple's patent Fig. 6 shows a plan of Apple Watch using inertial sensors for motion and gesture sensing; Fig. 7A is a cross-sectional view of the wrist and Apple Watch, using mechanical contact sensors for motion and gesture sensing; and Fig. 7B is a cross-sectional view of the wrist and Apple Watch, using optical sensors located in the watch strap. The device performs motion and gesture sensing; Figure 7C is a close-range view of the strap.
Patent 8 shows a cross-sectional view of the wrist and Apple Watch, which senses motion and gestures through EMG sensors.
In some examples, optical sensors may use light sources and light sensors located in the device itself or in the Apple Watch strap. Light sources and light sensors can generate reflection profiles from the light reflected by the user's tendons, skin, muscles and bones.
In an example shown in Figure 8, the EMG sensor allows the device to detect changes in electrical signals or tendon capacitance as the user moves.
Figure 4 shows the typical configuration of Apple Watch on the user's wrist.
More specifically, when the user wants to perform any of the actions shown in the following image starting from FIG. 3A, when the user's brain sends an electrical signal to stimulate the muscle (# 430), the finger (# 402), the wrist (# 420), and the hand (# 404) can be moved. The muscles then contract according to the received electrical signals.
The tendon (# 410) attached to the muscle (# 430) may also be retracted or moved in accordance with the received electrical signal and can cause movement of the user's finger, wrist, and hand. When the tendon is contracted or moved, the Apple Watch can detect the movement of the tendon and the electrical signal.
Apple Watch can determine users'movements and gestures based on tendon motion or electrical signals, or both.
Patent 5B shows the top view of the wrist and Apple Watch, which can sense movement and gestures through optical sensors. Optical sensors and light sources can be installed on Apple Watch to measure the movement of tendons or muscles.
The pictures in these three series demonstrate typical finger and wrist movements.
Since this is only a patent application, it is not clear when the product will be on the market.
Some of the inventors of the patent
Erik de Jong: Apple Watch Product Design Director
Colin Ely: Product Design Engineer. Through Raytheon Integrated Defense Systems, he came to Apple as a mechanical engineer.
Brian Lynch:IPodDirector of Product Development
Serhan Isikman: Display and Optics Manager
Kuldeep Lonkar: Senior Product Design Engineer, formerly at Apple Watch,The iPhoneX and HomePod work. At present, we are working in the technical development department.
Andrzej Baranski: Product Design and Structural Analysis Engineer. Through BD Medical, I came to Apple as a technology leader. One of the projects is the design and development of pharmaceutical delivery medical equipment and other products.