The results show that the hookah smoke contains harmful chemicals such as nicotine, stimulating carbonyl compounds, and carcinogenic benzenes.
This is the first analysis of ultrafine particles with a diameter of less than 100 nm in hookah smoke. Researchers say that because of the greater intake of cigarettes per sip and the longer each time they smoke, the amount of harmful substances in the body is greater. The test data showed that the toxic substance inhaled by a hookah is equivalent to smoking a whole cigarette.
“There is a misconception that the water in the hookah can filter out toxic substances and protect smokers to some extent. But this is not the case, the cooling effect of water actually promotes the formation of ultrafine particles,” Pero said.
According to reports, although the chemical composition of the hookah smoke is not as complex as the chemical composition of cigarette smoke, it contains a higher amount of carbohydrate derivatives and glycerin. Although saccharide derivatives are common food additives, such harmless substances are decomposed when heated, producing irritating aldehyde carcinogens.
In addition, plusHot waterTobacco or herbal mixtures often burn charcoal and produce a large amount of carbon monoxide, so carbon monoxide poisoning in smokers can sometimes occur.