It's been two years since I moved from Mac to Linux. Before using Linux, I used Apple's system for 15 years, and when I installed the first Linux distribution in 2018, I was just a beginner.
These days, I only use Linux, and I can do anything with it. Browsing the web, watching Netflix movies, writing and editing my wordpress blog, and even running my open source web analytics project.
I'm not even a developer! Gone are the days when Linux was considered unfit for everyday use and unfriendly to non-technical people.
There has been a lot of talk about MAC recently, and more and more people are already considering switching to Linux. I'm going to share some of my experiences in the process of switching to help other novices move easily.
Should you change it?
Before changing the system, it's better to think clearly, because sometimes Linux may not be the same as you expected. You'd better not change it if you still want to match Apple Watch seamlessly, call a friend with a FaceTime, or if you want to turn on iMovie video. All these are Apple proprietary products you can only Apple
I don't care too much about Apple ecology. I don't use iPhone, so it's not necessary to cooperate with mobile phone. I don't use icloud, FaceTime, and of course Siri. I've been interested in open source for a long time, but I haven't done anything about it.
Check your list of required software
While I was still using Mac, I started exploring open source software, and I found that most of the software used on Mac can also run in Linux.
Are you familiar with browsing the web with Firefox? It can also run on Linux. Want to watch video with VLC? It also has a Linux version. Like to record and edit audio with audacity? It's waiting for you on Linux. You live with OBS studio? Download and install it directly from Linux. Do you keep in touch with friends and family all the time? Of course, it's indispensable on Linux.
Moreover, Linux means more than open source software. Most (and possibly all) of your favorite non Apple proprietary software can be found in Linux. Spotify, slack, zoom, stream, discord, Skype, chrome and many other closed source software can be used. What's more, anything that runs in your Mac browser can also run in a Linux browser.
Can you find your must-have software or better alternatives in Linux? Please make sure that you are prepared. Use your most popular search engine to retrieve it online. Search
Remember: Linux is not Mac
One thing I believe is important if you want to move easily from Mac to Linux,. You need to be inclusive and willing to learn about the new operating system. Linux is not equal to Mac, so you need to give yourself some time to contact and understand it.
If you want Linux as like as two peas and macOS, which is used to you, then Linux may not suit you. Although you can make the Linux desktop environment similar to Mac OS in various ways, I think the best way to successfully transfer to Linux is to embrace Linux.
Try the new workflow and use it as you like. Don't try to turn Linux into something else. You'll enjoy Linux as much as I do on MAC, and even have a better experience.
Remember the first time you used the MAC: you must have spent a lot of time getting used to it. So please give Linux the same amount of time and care.
Choose a Linux distribution
Unlike windows and MacOS, Linux has more than one single operating system. Different Linux operating systems are called distributions, and since I started using Linux, I've tried several different distributions. I've also used different desktop environments, or graphical interfaces. They differ greatly in aesthetics, ease of use, workflow and integrated software.
Although as alternatives to the Mac, elementaryos and pop are most mentioned_ OS, but I still recommend starting with Fedora workstation for the following reasons:
With Fedora media writer, it is easy to install and can support almost all your hardware. It can support the latest linux software out of the box to run the native and unchanged GNOME desktop environment with a large development team and a huge community behind it
In my opinion, gnome is the best desktop environment for newcomers from MacOS with ease of use, consistency, fluency and user experience. It has the most development resources and user base in the Linux world, so your experience will be very good.
Fedora can open the door to Linux for you, and when you get used to it, you can start to explore distributions, desktop environments, and even window managers.
Familiar with Gnome
Gnome is the default window manager for Fedora and many other Linux distributions. It recently upgraded to Gnome 3.36, bringing modern design that Mac users will love.
Be prepared. Linux, Fedora workstations, and gnome are not apple and MacOS. Gnome is very clean, simple, modern and original. It doesn't distract you. There's no desktop icon, no visible docking station, no minimize and maximize buttons on the window. But don't panic. If you try, it will prove to be the best and most productive operating system you've ever used.
GNOME won't bother you. After launch, the only thing you can see is the top bar and background picture. The top column consists of these things,
Why gnome is like mac
And you'll notice some similarities to macOS, such as window adsorption, space preview
If you move your mouse cursor to the top left corner, click on the top column
In the middle of the top column, there is a search box. As long as you start typing, the focus shifts to the search box. It can search for software and file content that you have installed, search for specified software in the software center, do calculations, show you time or weather, of course, it can do a lot more. It's like
And you can see a column of installed software (more like Mac)
Generally speaking, Linux is a lightweight system that runs smoothly even on very old hardware and takes up only a small amount of disk space compared with Mac OS. And unlike MacOS, you can remove any pre installed software you don't want or need.
Customize your Gnome settings
Browse through the Gnome settings, get familiar with its options, and make some changes to make it more comfortable to use. Here are some of the things I have to do to install gnome.
GNOME is an extremely keyboard-centric operating system, so use the keyboard as much as possible. GNOME settings
You can also set keyboard shortcuts according to your ideal workflow. I set my most common application to open with a super key. Say, Super B open my browser, Super F open it
l use Super Tab to switch between open applications, Super H hide a window, F11 full screen open software, Super Left the window to the left of the screen, Super Right the window to the left of the screen, and so on.
Try Linux on the MAC before making a decision
Try Fedora on your Mac before installing Linux completely. Download ISO image from fefora website. Use etcher to write the ISO image to a USB drive, and then click the option key at boot time so you can try it out in out of the box mode.
You can now install Fedora on the MAC without having to explore anything. Try everything to see if it works: can you connect to WiFi? Is the touch panel normal? Is there a sound? wait.
Also remember to take the time to try gnome. Test the different features I mentioned above. Open some installed software. If everything looks good, if you like the Fedora workstation and gnome, and are sure that's what you want, install it on your Mac.
Explore the world of Linux!