It was reported on September 28 that Ni Guangnan, academician of the Chinese Academy of engineering, was invited to attend the 2019 annual partner meeting of guokejiahe fund and delivered a speech with the theme "meet the new trend of open source chips".Ni Guangnan said that at present, China has short and long boards in the field of information technology. The two major short boards are "one hard and one soft". "Hard" is chip, while "soft" is basic software, including operating system, industrial software, etc. He also said that he hoped that investment funds would pay attention to it and make up the short board as soon as possible, "because one day if it is not made up, there will be a risk of getting stuck."
Ni Guangnan said that the development of risc-v open-source chip architecture is an opportunity. "We hope to make risc-v one of the three major systems in the world in the future, and especially hope that risc-v can become an architecture in which China has enough voice."
"Risc-v is completely open-source and free, and it is also very suitable for China's super large-scale market demand. China has the largest number of chip design companies in the world, and the number of CPU applications in China is also the largest in the world. " But at the same time, Ni Guangnan also stressed that because risc-v adopts an open-source BSD license, the improvements made under this license are allowed to be closed. Although this is conducive to industrialization, it may also lead to "fragmentation".
"If after many chips are developed, each company keeps its own improvement secret and does not open it up. After a certain period of time, risc-v chips on the market may not be compatible with each other, and this architecture will be meaningless and impossible to develop continuously."
"In order to avoid this situation, we hope to establish China's risc-v foundation, formulate unified standards, carry out certification and authorization, do a good job of coordination, prevent future fragmentation, and make this new CPU architecture develop healthily and healthily," Ni said
In addition, in view of another short board "industrial software", Ni Guangnan said that "industrial software" covers a wide range. For example, EDA software for chip design can also be considered as industrial software in the field of integrated circuits. There are three major players in the world, basically all of which are from the United States. Now, China is basically close to a blank. In general manufacturing field, industrial software includes CAD, CAE and cam. At present, there are several domestic CAD companies; CAE is basically blank, and there are still some cam.
Ni Guangnan stressed that our Internet application software ranks first in the world, and the number of apps is absolutely the first in the world. Our Internet company is so powerful in the world, but most industrial software is basically blank. This shows that our current industrial policy and industrial environment are not conducive to the development of large-scale software, such as the development of such industrial software, operating system and other basic software We need to work hard to improve.
At the same time, Ni Guangnan also gives some suggestions on how to make up for the shortcomings of "industrial software"
First, our industrial Internet focuses on solving the problem of industrial chain modernization, but has not paid enough attention to solving the problem of industrial base upgrading. Our country's industrial software foundation is weak, so we need to pay more attention to this aspect. Second, don't think that China's Internet applications are well done, so we should not underestimate this task. If we can't do it well for many years, we must strengthen our efforts to realize the transformation from an intelligent power to an intelligent one.