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Cyber violence governance needs the concerted efforts of all sectors of society

via:新浪科技     time:2022/8/14 14:01:43     readed:85

  

In recent years, cyber violence and cyber bullying have frequently caused tragedies. In order to effectively prevent and solve the problem of cyber violence and effectively protect the legitimate rights and interests of netizens, the Cyberspace Administration of the CPC Central Committee (CAC) recently made special arrangements to strengthen the governance of cyber violence, requiring website platforms to focus on the rectification of cyber violence, establish and improve a long-term mechanism, and ensure that the governance work achieves solid results.

The 49th Statistical Report on Internet Development in China shows that as of December 2021, the Internet penetration rate in China reached 73% and the number of netizens exceeded 1 billion. Mobile Internet era, everyone has a microphone, at the same time, a large number of Internet users in the network of public space, mass, irrational, large-scale and continuous evolution "public opinion" easy to polarization perspective in conflict, the form online and even into the language of a certain individual or group "body" violence, namely the network violence.

Cyber violence breaks the bottom line of morality and is often accompanied by infringements and illegal and criminal behaviors. Some of them export verbal violence through insults, slander, threats and intimidation. Some use human flesh search and other means to leak personal privacy, personal information; In the name of justice, some harass and ridicule others and commit moral kidnapping.

Cyber violence is a long-standing social phenomenon, which originates from the language violence with a long tradition. From written and offline communication in the traditional era to post bars, Weibo, wechat and videos in the network era, language violence occurs in all places. Different from the real society, the identity of the netizen in the network society is anonymous and virtual, which weakens the responsibility of the speaker and the communicator, and to some extent lays the hidden danger of network violence.

Governance network storm, platform is an important starting point. It is reported that since the CAC launched the "Clean Up · Cyber violence Special campaign" on April 24, microblogs have actively responded to the policy and continued to carry out the special campaign against unfriendly speech attacks and cyber violence. Through the improvement of the whole process governance mechanism of "system constraint - technology identification - content disposal - function protection - announcement education", the risk of speech attack and even Internet abuse of users in the site is effectively reduced, and the governance effect is remarkable.

In view of the network violence phenomenon gradually generalization, judgement standard is difficult to define, online collaborative hit the mechanism is not perfect, network critical governance involves the privacy protection, the public network critical recognition vary, from inside the station outside the station, cross-platform circulation difficulties such as governance, weibo continues to improve early warning mechanism perfect model recognition ability, establish and improve the protection mechanism actively research and development platform, continue measures to optimize the function, Take the initiative to increase the punishment of relevant accounts and institutions.

As early as March this year, Weibo was the first to launch the "one-click protection" function, which is mainly used as an emergency measure for self-protection when users feel a lot of speech attacks. On April 29, Weibo adjusted the private message rules. When users receive private messages from unfollowed people, only one private message reminder is displayed. After confirming the receipt, users can view the content of the private message and have a normal text conversation, that is, users can actively choose whether to receive private messages from unfollowed people.

By establishing a special area for complaints of online violence and adding functions of "one-click report" and "one-click forensics", Weibo facilitates users to timely complain about violations. In addition, the "friendly guidance of comments" function launched on Weibo has guided users to 50 million actions per day, and the exposure of unfriendly comments has dropped by 98 percent as of July 31.

As a party capable of governance from the perspective of space carrier, the platform needs to make full efforts in the period when there is still a gap in the law, actively explore and take responsibility, give full play to the technological advantages of Internet companies, study and solve problems, reduce the perception of Internet abuse from the product side, and increase the cost of implementing Internet abuse. However, the liability of the platform is not unlimited, and cyber violence should be an act that the whole society pays attention to and solves. Even if the platform does not fall short of its responsibility and position, it cannot solve all problems solely relying on the power of the platform. As a space carrier, the platform has the capacity to limit, and the technology can be improved but cannot cover all.

Experts say cyber violence is not an Internet phenomenon, but a social issue. At present, social norms on the Internet are not established and take a long time to develop. The boundary of Internet abuse is also difficult to draw, need to be clear law. The prevention and governance of cyber violence requires the joint attack and concerted efforts of all sectors of society, and also requires the majority of users and stations to work together to jointly govern.

Editing by Pengda Li. Editor by Hongyan Cao

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